Having healthy gums is the best way to preserve your teeth. Caring for your gums is a vital part of oral hygiene. In its earliest stages, gum disease has no obvious symptoms, so Dr. Raisch takes measures to help you prevent it.
- Gum disease is a bacterial infection that results from a build-up of plaque on your teeth. Plaque is a thin filmy substance that forms in your mouth, and is a ripe breeding ground for oral bacteria. Plaque then hardens into calculus (or tartar), which can cause gum inflammation and bleeding.
- Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the earliest and most common stage of gum disease. The gums appear to be inflamed and may bleed or be sensitive to probing or brushing. You may notice that you have bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth.
- Slight Periodontitis: The bones around your teeth have started to be affected by calculus that is stuck to them. Bleeding and inflammation worsens and the issue becomes harder to handle without professional care. Pain is not expected and pockets range from 4-6 millimeters deep.
- Moderate Periodontitis: During this stage, the teeth may drift apart and start to have spaces between them. They may also look longer because your gums are receding. Your gums may develop boils or abscesses and you may notice worsened bad breath or taste. Pockets are 6-7 millimeters deep.
- Severe Periodontitis: Characterized by loose teeth and sensitivity due to exposed roots. Bad breath or taste may be constant. Advanced periodontitis may result in having teeth extracted. During dental exams, pockets are found to be over 7 millimeters deep.
How we treat gum disease
Using the most advanced techniques in periodontal gum care, he can help you overcome gum disease. Left untreated, gum disease can cause bad breath and lead to tooth loss, which can affect your ability to chew, speak and socialize. Advanced treatment at Advanced Dental Wellness includes:
- Scaling & Root Planing: An in-office procedure that removes hard and soft deposits of calculus (tartar) from the root surfaces of the teeth. Scaling removes plaque, tartar and stains from the surface of teeth, and planing smooths out the rough areas on the roots. Scaling and root planing encourage healing and reduce pocket depth.
- Arestin® Therapy: Dr. Raisch may recommend using Arestin therapy along with other procedures to reach difficult areas and kill bacteria. He typically injects Arestin into the periodontal pockets right after scaling and root planing. The medication kills bacteria for up to 21 days. Dr. Raisch is experienced in treating gum disease and helping preserve healthy teeth and gums so you can keep on smiling for life.
Sometimes gum disease can require more advanced treatments . Please watch these videos below to learn more about tissue grafting.